We answer your questions
Surrogate motherhood, also called surrogate pregnancy (in Spain) or rent belly (in America) or simply subrogation, is a technique of assisted human reproduction (HRT) is used by couples or single people who can not have children due to their disability of gestating a baby.
This reproductive method allows children to have heterosexual couples (married or not) when the woman can not give birth to her baby.
It is also essential in same-sex couples (LGTB) or single people who do not have a partner, and who are unable to have a baby naturally.
Basically an in vitro fertilization is performed (fertilization of ovules with sperm in the laboratory), which produces the conception of one or more embryos, which are the future parents. Then those embryos are implanted in the uterus of a woman who loaves her belly, so that she can manage it until the baby is born. After the birth, that child will be registered as the child of the couple who resorted to the procedure.The woman who agrees to give birth to that baby in her uterus is called a pregnant woman, a pregnant woman or a surrogate mother. The couple that requires treatment because they can not have children, are called future parents or parents.
Laws on surrogate motherhood vary from country to country. In many countries, subrogation is legal and regulated, and in other countries it is prohibited because it considers that it violates public order or morality.
Within the countries that allow it, there are many variables. Some regulate and protect it, others only allow subrogation for citizens or residents in the country and prohibit it for foreigners, others allow it but do not regulate it, others allow subrogation for married heterosexual couples and do not admit it for equal partners or people single.
There are countries where the legislation is very favorable as in Ukraine, where subrogation is allowed for nationals and foreigners, for heterosexual couples.
It is very important, when choosing in which country to carry out this reproductive technique, give adequate advice and verify that in the chosen country the rights of the child are respected (that their true filiation will be recognized and their true identity will be respected), that the rights of the pregnant woman (who is free to carry out the process and who is not obligated or forced in any way), as well as that the rights of the future parents will be respected and will not be deprived of that son or daughter so longed for.
Sometimes future parents who need to go to surrogate motherhood, will also need to resort to the donation of gametes.
This is not an obstacle, as it is planned. In some countries the donor is anonymous, and in others you can know their identity and medical information. In Ukraine the donor of ovules facilitated by the clinic has to be anonymous, therefore we make available to our patients an egg donor agency, where they can select the donor and later recommend the same donor to our clinic.
In the cases of male couples, single males or heterosexual couples where the woman suffers from a condition that prevents her from ovulating, they must necessarily resort to egg donation.
InterFiv has a database of pregnant women and egg donors, so they can also select the woman who donates their eggs for the process of subrogation. These databases belong to INTERDONORS and INTERMOTHER.
In the case of couples of women, single women or heterosexual couples where the male suffers from a pathology that prevents the production of sperm, will require recourse to the donation of sperm.
It happens the same as with the donation of ovules, this is not an impediment. There are sperm banks, anonymous donors and donors that can be known and chosen.
When neither of the two future parents can provide their own gametes (be they male or female), then they must resort to double donation of gametes. In this case you should consult well and inform yourself with our professional team, which will offer you several possibilities.